Lupus: Causes, Types, and Symptoms

What is lupus?

Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes inflammation throughout your body. An autoimmune disease is a condition in which your body’s own immune system is responsible for the inflammation and breakdown of its own cells. The inflammation seen in lupus can affect various organs and tissues in your body, including your:

  • joints
  • skin
  • heart
  • blood
  • lung
  • brain
  • kidneys

This disease can be severe and potentially life-threatening. It can cause permanent organ damage. However, many people with lupus experience a mild version of it. Currently, there’s no known cure for lupus. View images of lupus symptoms and explore areas of the body it affects here.

What are the symptoms of lupus?

The symptoms of lupus vary according to the parts of your body affected. Symptoms can disappear suddenly. They can be permanent or flare up occasionally. Although no two cases of lupus are the same, the most common symptoms and signs include:

  • a fever
  • fatigue
  • body aches
  • joint pain
  • rashes, including a butterfly rash on the face
  • skin lesions
  • shortness of breath
  • chronic dry eyes
  • chest pain
  • headaches
  • confusion
  • memory loss

Some of the later symptoms of lupus include kidney problems due to inflammation called nephritis. A person may experience high blood pressure, dark urine, and blood in the urine. Review the top 10 early symptoms of lupus, including rash.

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